top of page



Peer-Reviewed Articles:

  • “Becoming an Ex: Dynamics of Disengagement from Egypt’s Muslim Brotherhood after 2011” Middle East Law and Governance, Vol. 13, Issue: 2, June 2021 pp. 215-231. DOI: (co-author)

  • “Devout Neoliberalism?! Explaining Egypt's Muslim Brotherhood's Socio-economic Perspective and Policies,” Politics and Religion, Vol. 13, Issue 4, December 2020, pp. 748-767. DOI:

  • “The Inclusion-Moderation Thesis: Muslim Brotherhood in Egypt.” Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Politics, August 2019. DOI: 10.1093/acrefore/9780190228637.013.1332

  • “Rethinking the Repression-Dissent Nexus: Assessing Egypt’s Muslim Brotherhood’s Response to Repression since the Coup of 2013.” Democratization, 2019, VOL. 26, NO. 8, 1329–1341.

  • “The Muslim Brotherhood’s Conception of Citizenship Rights in Egypt.” Contemporary Arab Affairs, Vol. 11 No. 3, September 2018; (pp. 25-46)

  • “Political Salafism in Egypt”, Orient journal, Vol. IV, 2016, view online


  • “Upended Path: The Rise and Fall of Egypt’s Muslim Brotherhood”, The Middle East Journal, Vol. 69, No. 4, Fall 2015, pp. 527-543, view online


  • ‘Pious Way to Politics: The Rise of Political Salafism in Egypt in Post-Mubarak Egypt’, Digest of Middle East Studies, Vol. 22:1, April, view online

  • “Arab Islamists from Opposition to Power: A Critical Appraisal”, IEMED.

  • “The Advent of Islamic Democracy in MENA”, Policy Brief no. 49 the European Institute of the Mediterranean.

  • ‘The Power of the Jama‘a: The Role of Hasan al-Banna in Constructing the Collective Identity of the Muslim Brotherhood’, Sociology of Islam, Vol. 1, Issue 1, view online

  • ‘Islamist Parties in the post-Arab Spring”, Mediterranean Politics, vol. 17, issue 3, view online

  • ‘Religion in Egypt’s Public Sphere after the Revolution’, (Doha: Doha Institute), view online


  • 2010. 'The Myth of Excluding Moderate Islamists in the Arab World', Policy Paper No. 4, The Brookings Institute, Washington: D.C. view online

  • 2009. ‘Young Brotherhood in Search for New Path’, Current Trends in Islamist Ideology Journal, Vol.9, October 2009, view online

  • 2009. ‘Jihadists Revisionism: Will It Save the World?’, Middle East Brief, Crown Center of Middle East Studies, Brandies University, No. 35. view online

Refereed chapters:


  • 2017. “Unpacking the Sacred Canopy: Egypt’s Salafis between Religion and Politics”, in Francesco Cavatorta and Fabio Merone (Ed.), Salafism After The Arab Awakening: Contending with People’s Power, (London: Hurst), Hardback: 9781849044868

  • 2014. ​“Democratic Deficit in Egypt’s Muslim Brotherhood”, in Larbi Sadiki (Ed.), Routledge Handbook of the Arab Spring: Rethinking Democratization, (London: Routledge Publications) Hardback: 978-0-415-52391-22012

  • ​2013. "Egypt: The New Puritans", in Robin Wright (Ed.) The Islamists Are Coming: Who They  Really Are, (Washington: USIP Press)

  • ​2012. "Egypt and the EU in the Post-Mubarak Era’, in ‘The Future of the Mediterranean: Which Way for Europe and North Africa?’, (Berlin: Bertelsmann Stiftung) ISSN: 1868-5048.

Policy papers and Op-Eds (selected):

  • The Sudan Crisis: How Regional Actors’ Competing Interests Fuel the Conflict, May 11, 2023 

  • 'Extremism Under Sisi', Foreign Affairs, January 8, 2017.

  • 'Egypt’s Muslim Brotherhood Faces a Dilemma: Religion or Politics?' Washington Post, June 20, 2016.


  • ISIS Enters Egypt, Foreign Affairs, December 4, 2012.


  • ISIS-ifcation of Islamist Politics, Washington Post, January 30, 2015


  • Whither Political Islam?, Al-Jazeera English, December 2013


  • Desacralization of Islamism, Foreign Policy, 11 February 2013.


  • Rethinking the Muslim Brotherhood, Foreign Policy, 17 December 2012


  • The Political Economy of Islamist Parties, Al-Monitor, 23 August 2012.


  • ‘Egypt’s Blessed Salafi Votes, Foreign Policy, 2/5/2012


  • ‘The Embattled Brothers’, Egypt Independent, 19/4/2012

  • ‘The Advent of Informal Islamists’, Foreign Policy, 19/3/2012


  •  “Old Habits Die Hard”, Foreign Policy, 31/1/ 2012.


  •  ‘The Illusive Rise of Islamist’, Foreign Policy, 8/12/ 2011.

bottom of page